Researchers say a primary sense in our first months is touch -- teaching an infant's brain to respond to sensory stimuli.
Now a new study is showing that a preemie's ability to perceive and respond to touch may be affected by how many weeks early it was born.
The earlier a child was born, the less their brain responds to touch.
They also noted that exposure to painful touch appeared to decrease the development of touch-brain activity, in contrast, more supportive or positive touching lead to the brain actively responding more.
The study is published by Cell Press. (ABC)
A 2014 National Health Interview Survey found that noise-induced hearing loss is one of the most common occupational hazards.
The new study suggested that only a small percentage of adults working in noisy environments wear the appropriate hearing protection.
Out of 240 million adults surveyed, 22 per cent reported working in very loud occupational exposures, but only 44 per cent always wore hearing protection.
The finding suggests that loud noises are a pervasive and preventable cause of hearing impairment and doctors should advocate for the use of hearing protection in patients with loud lives.
This report is published in the Laryngoscope. (ABC)
While the diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder has increased dramatically over the last four decades, it is currently being diagnosed by essentially looking at the child and watching how they relate to the world.
In a new study, researchers developed a method that looks for metabolic biomarkers that could discover whether a child is on the autism spectrum with a stronger predictability.
Using blood sample data, the scientists were able to correctly classify 97.6 per cent of the children involved in the study.
Autism spectrum disorder affects about 1.5 percent of all children, and this method provides a more reliable tool for diagnosis.
The study is published in Medicine Computational Biology. (ABC)
Elderly people are suffering concussions and other brain injuries from falls at what appear to be unprecedented rates.
A new report from U-S government researchers is suggesting one likely factor is that a growing number of elderly people are living at home.
According to the new report, one in every 45 Americans 75 and older have suffered brain injuries resulting in emergency department visits, hospitalizations, or even deaths in 2013.
That's a 76 per cent jump from 2007.
Experts advise making an elderly person's home safer by removing loose rugs and other tripping hazards, improving lighting and installing handrails and grab bars. (The Canadian Press)
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